The word Yoga originates from the Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’ that means union, union of the self consciousness with the universal consciousness. Yoga is not just about physical practice of asanas or spirituality. It is simply the medium to become an ideal human being. It takes you from a raw state of consciousness to an enlightened one as it works from body to the breath, and from breath to the mind, and later, to the super-conscious state of the body.
In this session of Yoga, we are going to guide you about obesity, its causes and aftermaths. In later parts, we are going to teach you the proper methods of how to reduce weight through yoga, and become an ideal human, both- physically as well as mentally. So, let’s start a journey to become fit and fine, and win the world with Yoga.
What is obesity, and what are the Different Types of It?
Obesity is nothing but a mental state of lethargy, and depression that leads to a disproportion between input and output of the body; thus putting on more and more flab all over your body or in localized areas such as around stomach, hips or thighs.
There are Different Types of Obesity in Humans:
- Harmonious Obesity: In such type, fat is deposited all over the body.
- Gynoid Obesity: In such type, fat is concentrated on the lower parts of the body- around hips and thighs. It is the most common type in women, especially in women of India. But, it carries the lowest medical risks.
- Visceral Obesity: In such cases, fat is deposited near internal organs of body such as abdominal viscera. This type of fat is not visible from outside, but carries the highest medical risks.
- Android Obesity: In this type, fat is accumulated around the stomach area. More common in males, and is again risky from medical point of views.
How to Measure Your Existing Obesity?
There are number of ways to calculate the amount of obesity in your body. What is considered obese by one medical practitioner may not be obese for another.
Generally, comparison of your weight and height can give you a good idea of how obese you are, that is accepted universally by almost everyone. This comparison is known as BMI, that is, Body Mass Index.
The formula goes like this:
BMI= weight (K.G.) ÷ [height*height (metres)]
It is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms, by the square of your height in metres.
You can convert your height into meters, according to SI system of measurement:
1 Foot= 12 Inches
1Inch= 2.54 Centimetres
100 Centimetres= 1 Metre
The formula goes same for both males and females.
For example, if a man stands 5’6” tall and weighs 77 KGS, then his BMI would be:
BMI= 77÷ (1.6*1.6) = 30 KG/m2.
Here is the Scale for Measuring Obesity:
- BMI from 19 to 25 indicates normal or optimum weight.
- BMI from 26 to 30 indicates over weight.
- BMI from 31 to 35 indicates obesity.
- BMI from 36 and above indicates gross obesity.
How Does Obesity Occur?
Every individual’s body reacts differently to different situations. Some people can eat a lot of food with no exercises at all, and still they do not gain food while some may tend to put on weight very easily and quickly. Even the emotional problems such as depression, trauma, and loneliness can lead to weight gain as a person tends to eat more in such situations.
Those who diet and think of reducing weight, just fool themselves as researches have shown that dieting can also makes a person obese as that person tries to cut down weight drastically, by cutting down the food intake. This eventually leads to ‘binge eating’ and further increase in weight.
Some people tend to become obese due to genetic factors. Children, whose parents are obese, are more likely to put on weight, while some having malfunctioning of Pituitary and Thyroid gland, are also amongst those who gain weight and become obese.
There should be a proper energy intake and output balance maintained in your body. Energy intake is the amount of food that you consume in your diet, while output will be the energy that you use physically. A physical labour tends to use up more energy, and hence burn more calories than a software engineer who sits in an office and hog in food without any physical labour. And if you think that skipping meals can make you leaner, and then you should probably check your thoughts again as it will just make you more and more obese.
Hence, you should eat often in a day, in every 3 hours, but make sure that your diet is supplemented with vitamin, minerals, and other important and rich nutrients, and not refined products, fatty oils and other such things.
Keep following us to know more about yoga and weight loss. Do not miss our next post that talks about yoga postures to reduce your weight.