What is a Feminist Movement: Concepts

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Swami Vivekananda, sometime in the past, was being a monk, used to see women as an obstruction. However, sooner he realized the utmost truth and from then onwards, he removed all the differences between sexes and perceived the occurrence of the Divine Mother in women. His toil to diminish the plight of Indian women continued till his death. This makes us choose his conceptions here among numerous.

Some of His Thoughts on Women Empowerment-


The soul has neither sex, nor caste nor imperfection.

The best thermometer to the progress of a nation is its treatment of its women.

There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved.

Woman has suffered for aeons, and that has given her infinite patience and infinite perseverance.

The idea of perfect womanhood is perfect independence.

Soul has no sex; it is neither male nor female. It is only in the body that sex exists, and the man who desires to reach the spirit cannot at the same time hold sex distinctions.

A number of concepts will arrive, if we’re going to discuss it. But, here that’s not important. The essential point here is, its concept even after coming into existence in the beginning of the nineteenth century by the western-educated females of India, took long to get recognized. It gained its actual significance after India got freedom in 1947 and took on a self-governing administration. Many female oriented organizations emerged for their betterment, like All India Women’s Conference (AIWC), National Federation of Indian Women (NFIW), etc.

Five years’ development plans were made for their amelioration, however, it was critical that very much western adaptation of this concept was not at all encouraged by the Indian women. In Indian framework the concept was completely diverse from the western conception. For them it was more or less tagged as ‘oppression’, whereas Indians referred it in the form of ‘sorrow’. The noteworthy difference in the lives of Indian females discerned several peculiar terms such as:

Hunger, callousness of custom, Disease, Poverty, Infant deaths, exploitation of bodies at labour by their landlords (zamindars, munshis, etc), loads of tradition, remorseless demands of norms, thrashing without cause, and innumerable.