Learn Ayurveda : A Way to Healthy Life

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Want to communicate with your friend living abroad?? Just pick your phone and dial the number….. It’s very hot today! Don’t worry, cling to the AC remote, and say good bye to scorching heat. These are the few stills from our routine life. How effortless life we are living! Thanks to science, for making our life unproblematic. But, don’t you think that after 66 years of independence, we still are dependent? Yes, it’s a fact! We all depend on machines and electronic gadgets for making our lives comfortable. Most of us are living an unhealthy lifestyle. However, unknowingly, we are inviting unwelcomed guests (diseases) by using artificial comfort. But, “Ayurveda”, your true well-wisher,understands these perils very well and therefore, suggests you a healthy lifestyle.

Ayurveda, India’s splendid gift to the world is the oldest medical system. The word ‘Ayurveda’ is derived from the Sanskrit language, which means ‘scientific knowledge of life’ (Ayus means ‘life’ and Veda means ‘science’). It is aimed at treating the ailments in a natural way and making your life healthy and happy.

Ayurveda has derived its principle from nature. Basic principles of Ayurveda are:

The PanchaMahabhutas

Ayurveda believes that everything in this universe is made up of PanchaMahabhutas (5 main elements). These five elements are related to our five senses- sight (eyes), touch (skin), hearing (ears), taste (tongue) and smell (nose). The PanchaMahabhutas are –

  • Tejas or Agni (fire) – It denotes the ‘universal force or radiation’. Fire is helpful in food digestion, thereby, regulating the metabolic and chemical reactions of the body. It also perks up vision.
    Related sense organ – Eyes
  • Vayu (air) – It corresponds to the ‘movement, vibration or touch’. It controls biological activities like functioning of lungs, heartbeat, oxygen circulation and removal of toxic substances from the body.
    Related sense organ – Skin
  • Aakash (sky) – It signifies ‘non-resistance, sound or vacuum’. It regulates abdomen, nostrils and mouth, thereby, facilitating hearing.
    Related sense organ – Ears
  • Jal (water) – It represents taste and fluidity. Water is present in all the fluids (like lymph, digestive juices, saliva, blood, plasma, etc.) of the body. It helps in the transmission of the energy. It also provides sleekness.
    Related sense organ – Tongue
  • Prithvi (earth) – It symbolizes ‘solid state, density or resistance’. Nails, teeth and bones are made up of earth. This element increases strength and insistence of the body.
    Related sense organ – Nose

The TriDoshas

According to Ayurveda, tridoshas regulates the psychological and physiological processes of our mind and body. All of us are made up of these three doshas; however, many of us have profusion of one or two doshas. These tridoshas determines our prakriti (nature). These 3 doshas are-

  • Vata (air) – Persons having abundance of vata dosha are gangly and slim. They are creative, gregarious, love travelling, physically and mentally vigorous. Dry skin, constipation, insomnia, cracking joints, low immunity, cold feet and hands are the general problems faced by these people. Vayu (air) plays a significant role in fluctuating the appetite, mood and energy. When they are balanced, they are lively and creative, and when out of balance, fearful and worried.
  • Pitta (bile) – The people having pitta dosha are subjugated by Agni (fire). They are ill-tempered and brawny. They have freckly skin which turns red during work out, blushing, massage and in sun. They possess strong will power and determined to do whatever they perceive is right. They are quick learners and have innate leadership skills. They are very daring and love to chase challenges. These people get irritated when their co-workers are less focused. Their digestion is good and has intense appetite. When balanced, they are purposeful and motivated. When out of balance, condemnatory and irritable. Acne, rashes and inflammation are some of the problems faced by these people.
  • Kapha (Phlegm) – These people are loyal, compassionate and innately stable. They are inborn athletes. Jal (water) and Prithvi(earth) governs this dosha. They love to work procedurally. They follow a usual routine in their professional and personal lives. As compared to pitta or vata types, they have less appetite for challenges and food. Whenever they are exposed to the new environment, they do better. When imbalanced, these persons get smug, obstinate and unenthusiastic.These tridoshas are also related to panchamahabhutas.
    Vayu (air) + Aakash (sky) = Vata
    Agni (fire) + Jal (water) = Pitta
    Jal (water) + Prithvi (earth) = Kapha
  Kapha Pitta Vata
Element Earth and water Fire Air and sky
Apt to Inflammation, respiratory problems, sinusitis Diarrhea, acne Cracking joints, lower back ache, nervousness, constipation
Balanced Kindhearted, considerate, unwavering Determined, motivated Energetic, creative
Unbalanced Obdurate, sluggish Judgmental, bad-tempered Anxious, vexed, erratic
Traits Stable, cool, calm, weighty Light, hot itinerant, chill, bumpy, desiccated

The TriGunas

According to Ayurveda, there are 3 vital components of the mind – Tamas, Rajas and Satwa. These 3 components are termed as the ‘trigunas’. The equilibrium of these gunas is essential for keeping the mind in a healthy state. Any disequilibrium leads to mental muddles. Though, we all possess trigunas in different proportion, the dominant one decides the manasa prakriti (psychological nature) of an individual. Negative desires, stress, etc. may unbalance gunas.

  • Tamas – It is typify by struggle and heaviness. This guna affects perception of an individual. Any unbalance results in lethargy, slumber, droopiness, laziness, counterfeit knowledge and illusion.
  • Rajas – This is the most active guna and is characterized by encouragement and motion. It results in vacillating mind, dreams, wishes and desires.
  • Sattva – Lucidity, delight, awareness and lightness are the characteristics of Satwa. This guna is undisturbed, free from maladies and pure.
Doshas Sattvic Tamasic Rajasic
Vata simplicity, creativity, imagination, lightness, lonesomeness Fantasy, lack of direction, vacillation, depression, misery. Hyperactivity, panic, edginess, anxiety, absentmindedness, segregation, solitude, severance, divorce,
Pitta Perception, insight, knowledge, thoughtful, comprehension, gratitude  Annoyance, abhorrencehot-blooded Fierceness, competitiveness,authority, esteem, fame.
Kapha Kindness, endurance, dynamism Idiocy, deep perplexity, despair Unawareness, imprudence, affection, possessiveness miserliness, greediness,

The TriMalas

Malas are the waste products produces as a result of metabolical and digestive process. For remaining arogya (healthy), an equilibrium state of malas, dhatus and doshas is essential. The trimalas are Sveda (sweat), Purisa(faeces)  and Mutra (urine).

The SaptaDhatus

The SaptaDhatus denotes the tissues of the body. These dhatus are essential for hearing, nourishment and sustenance of the body.

Dhatu Tissues Deficiency Increase
Rasa  Plasma, lymph, chyle Irritability, loss of body weight, drowsiness weightiness, lethargy, stupor, loss of hunger
Rakta Hemoglobin in the blood Drowsiness, jaundice, skin diseases Abnormal clotting, impair circulation
Mamsa Muscle tissue Sensory weariness and ache in the bones Development of excess tissues,
Meda Adipose or fat tissue Enlargement in spleen and liver Unbalanced growth of the body, breathlessness
Asthi  Cartilage, bone tissue Ache in the bones, loss of nails, teeth and hair. Excessive growth of the bones
Majja Bone marrow Osteoporosis Bulging of the joints, weighty body, grave secretion from the eyes
Sukra Ovum, sperm, semen Semen can’t pass out of the body Prostate stones

Besides these 7 dhatus, there is one more dhatu – Ojass. It is also known as ‘Mahadhatu’. It protects the saptadhatus and provides fair complexion and cooling effect after digestion of the food.

The Panchakarma

The Panchakarma is the process of eliminating the toxic products from the body. Ayurveda suggests 5 ways to get rid of these toxins and purifying our body.

  1. Vaman (vomiting)
  2. Nasya (cleaning of nose)
  3. Basti (enema)
  4. Rakta moksha (purification of the blood)
  5. Virechan (purgation)

Knowledge of Ayurvedic principles will help you in averting the diseases. Include Ayurveda in your lifestyle and stay fit and blissful!