Schizophrenics are the people, who suffer from a mental disorder. I this, it becomes hard for them to:
- Think clearly
- Act normally in the social situations
- Differentiate between real or unreal
- Response normally to the emotions
It is not hereditary; it results from:
- Psychological factors
- Environmental facto
- Complex and multifarious group of genetics
It affects men and women equally. The symptoms can be seen from a young age. Though, it starts to affect later in life.
Usually, it begins after the age of 5. Childhood schizophrenia is rare and initially, it could be mistaken for autism.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
The symptoms of schizophrenia develop very slowly. Sometimes, they take months or years, to appear complete. You can see all the symptoms. In some cases, only few symptoms are visible. People with schizophrenia, face trouble in trusting people, and they prefer to live isolate. They are depressed, anxious, and keep suicidal thoughts.
The initial symptoms:
- Trouble in sleeping
- Tensions or irritable feeling
- Trouble in concentrating on something
With the passing time, the symptoms become severe, and the sufferer starts to have problems with emotions and behaviour. It also includes:
- Problems in paying attention
- Emotionless behaviour
- Hearing and seeing objects, which are unreal (hallucinations)
- Bizarre behaviour
- Beliefs, which unreal (delusions)
- Loosing associations
Types of Schizophrenia
There are 5 types of schizophrenia, which can be analyzed during the assessment period:
- Disorganized schizophrenia
- Catatonic schizophrenia
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- Residual schizophrenia
Treatment and Medications
During the treatment of schizophrenics, a sufferer has to be admitted to the hospital. Keeping a schizophrenic at home is dangerous, because they can harm themselves and sometimes others too.
The antipsychotic medications are beneficial and effective for the schizophrenics because they change the chemicals’ balance in the brain, and help to control the symptoms.
These medications are very helpful, but they have many side effects too. The side effects can be controlled. But, this shouldn’t prevent the patient, to stop the treatment in any case.
The Side Effects of Antipsychotic Medications are:
- Weight gain
- Slowed movements
When several antipsychotic medications do not work in the treatment of schizophrenia, then, a medication named ‘Clozapine’, is used. Though, this medication has more side effects than the antipsychotics.
Schizophrenia is a life long illness and the patient need to stay on the psychotic medication for the whole life, because the symptoms return, when you stop taking your medications. Presently, there is no effective way to prevent schizophrenia.