India is known for its rich cultural heritage. The UNESCO World Heritage List comprises of 922 natural and cultural heritages from all over the world. In India, there are 5 natural and 23 heritage sites. Here is the list of 10 world’s top heritage sites in India.
#10 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Bhopal
Sanchi is known for its Stupas. The ‘Great Stupa‘, built by the Emperor Ashoka, is the oldest structure of India that is made up of stone and is built over the relics of Buddha.
‘Stupas’ at Sanchi
The Great Stupa at Sanchi
Image of Lord Buddha in Temple 45 at Sanchi
Sculptures at Northern Gateway of Sanchi Stupa
#9 Kaziranga National Park, Assam
This park is the habitat of two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. In 2006, it was declared a Tiger Reserve. It is also a home to swamp deer, wild water buffalo, elephants and several other species of birds and animals.
Great One-horned Rhinoceroses
A Great Indian Hornbill
Wild Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Tiger at Kaziranga National Park, Assam
#8 Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad
The sculptures and paintings of Ajanta Caves represent the Buddhist religious art. These caves are located near Jalgaon in Maharashtra. These caves are protected monuments in the care of the Archaeological Survey of India.
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad
Monastery at Ajanta Caves
Sculpture of Ajanta Caves
#7 Ellora Caves, Aurangabad
Ellora Caves symbolize the archetype of Indian rock-cut architecture and are over 100 km away from Ajanta. The 12 Buddhist (caves 1–12), 17 Hindu (caves 13–29) and 5 Jain (caves 30–34) caves, built closely, represents the religious harmony of that time period.
Ellora Caves, Aurangabad
Ceiling in solid rock, Ellora Caves, Aurangabad
Carvings inside the Ellora Caves
#6 Hampi, Karnataka
Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, situated in Karnataka. This village has several notable Hindu temples. The musical pillars are the speciality of Vitthala temple.
Hampi Vitthala Stone Chariot, Karnataka
Hazara Rama Temple, Hampi, Karnataka
Musical Pillars, Vitthala Temple Complex, Hampi, Karnataka
#5 Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya, Bihar
It is the place, where Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment. To the western side of the temple is the holy Bodhi tree. Dravidian Architecture was used for the construction of the temple.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya
Golden Buddha, Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya
#4 Taj Mahal, Agra
The Taj Mahal, widely known as the jewel of Muslim art in India, was built by Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in the sweet memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It became the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In the new list of Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal stands first.
Taj Mahal, Agra
Side view of Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal view from the River Yamuna
#3 Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh
Khajuraho is known for their erotic sculptures. This beautiful town has the largest group of medieval Jain and Hindu temples. The unique thing about the Khajuraho temples is that these are made of sandstones.
Statues on west facade of Duladeo temple, Khajuraho
Ornate sculptures in two tiers, Vishwanath Temple, Khajuraho
The Erotic Temples of Khajuraho
#2 Sun Temple, Konarak
The Sun temple is located on the shoreline. This temple is in the form of the chariot of Surya. The stone carving of the temple is bound to overwhelm you. It is adorned with several geometric and floral patterns.
Sun Temple, Konark
Chariot Wheel, Sun Temple, Konark
#1 Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri, the birth place of Akbar and his renowned courtiers, the Navaratnas, is one of the best conserved collections of Mughal architecture in India. It was the capital of the Mughal Empire for 10 years.
Fatehpur Sikri Palace, Uttar Pradesh
Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Diwan-i-Aaam in Fatehpur Sikri
Tomb of Salim Chisti, Fatehpur Sikri