Pregnant mothers are always worried about what to eat and what to avoid. According to Indian culture, there is a saying that a pregnant women eat for two people, i.e., one for herself, and other for her child in the womb. It is not just a saying; it’s proved that the food, mother eats during her pregnancy, effects a lot on child’s physical and mental health. The child gets the nourishment from the mother, through the umbilical cord. Therefore, the mother needs to be very cautious of what she is eating during the pregnancy.
To keep a pregnant mom and her coming child healthy, here I will mention food to eat, and not to eat, during this amazing, although a crucial phase of life.
1. Nutrients and Vitamins:
A pregnant mother need proper nutrients in their diet, and should eat healthy food. Healthy eating is to have a balanced diet, not a food that contains fat. Vitamins are necessary during this time; if you take proper amount of vitamins under the guidance of your gynaecologist, it will give good impact on you, and to your child’s health. But, if you consume vitamins without consultation, then it can harm the embryo. Before considering any healthy diet, properly consult to your doctor and consume according to your strength.
2. Green Vegetables:
Consuming vegetables and fruits, is very important for the health of a pregnant mother.
- You can consume both packed and fresh juice.
- You should eat the green vegetables like- cauliflower, cabbage, spinach, ridge gourd (turai), pointed gourd (parvel), bottle gourd (lauki), etc.
- Keep them balanced and avoid eating same vegetable all the time.
- Reduce consumption of papaya, chilli, asafoetida, brinjal, and celery.
- If you had an abortion history, avoid it completely during pregnancy.
- Include at least two types of fruits and three types of vegetables, every day. Have fruits that are rich in vitamin C, like- apple and orange.
3. Do You Have Digestion Problem?
If you suffer from gas, bloating, or constipation, you should avoid eating peas and cereals that are heavy to digest; instead of these, take green gram, it gives protein and get digested easily.
Banana, mango (ripe), cashew nuts, grapes (black), apricot, and dates are beneficial for health.
Butter, honey, and sweets made from Gur (jaggery), should be taken in small amount. Do not take them often.
6. Be Cautious:
Items like pizza, khandvi, dhokla, curd, sandwich, kadhi, tomatoes, and pancakes, increases acidity. If you don’t have problem of acidity, you can consume these; but again, in limited quantity.
7. Rice and Wheat:
Chapatti, thepla, rice, bhakari, parantha, pulao, and khichri are beneficial. You can consume them, these are the products made from rice and wheat.
- Smoking, drinking alcohol, consuming pan masala and tobacco, during pregnancy. These are not good for your child’s health.
- Eating the leftover food, or stale food, deep frozen food too.
- Keeping fast during pregnancy.
9. Things to Eat in Less Quantity
You can eat mutton, egg, chicken, ice cream, cold drink, coffee, and tea, but in correct quantity.
10. Calcium Intake
Eat dairy products such as cheese, paneer, and yogurt because they have calcium, which is good for the mother and the child.
Have fish at least two times a week, but do not have more than two pieces of fish. You can eat trout, tuna, sardines and mackerel (fresh fishes avoid canned).
Do remember that the baby is growing inside, and completely depends on you for nutrition. If you take healthy diet, your child will also be healthy. During pregnancy, you should take care of supplementary nutrients. You must consult your doctor and ask for a diet chart, for every month of pregnancy.