10 Major Education Problems in India

“Education is not the filling of a vessel, but the kindling of a flame.”

–         Socrates

 India has made amazing achievement in the economic sector. No doubt, the impact of this growth is also seen in the education sector and a lot of reformations are also made in this sector. But, it seems that these reforms are not enough to resolve the ever-changing and ever-existent education problems in India. The education problems in India are of severe concern, which can’t be ignored.


Current Educational Problems in India

1.    Education or a Rat Race?

Do you remember Ishaan of Taare Zameen Par? Despite of excellence in art, his parents send him to a boarding, just because of his poor academic performance. Well, this was merely a movie, but the real thing is something else. Current education system focuses only on marks, rather than skills. It seems that India has an examination system, not an education system. Students are forced to read and cram the book, and pass the exam with 90-95% marks. In fact, they don’t have a proper understanding of what they are studying. In this situation, education cannot be considered more than a rat race. What do you say?

 2.     Faulty Education Policies

With an aim to reduce the stress for 10th standard students, grade point system was introduced in 2011. Under this policy, the students were given the alternative- you either give the board exams or not. Their performance was to be evaluated by the school, but the score cards were issued by the CBSE. In this condition, there was no common standard of grading the students. As different schools use different criteria for evaluation, a bright student in one school, where the evaluation was stricter, got fewer marks. On the flip side, an average student in another school got more marks, due to lenient internal evaluation. This policy reveals that, in India, education is in a state of dilemma.

 3.     Too Much Insularity Rather than Global Outlook

It’s good to love our country but blind love is dangerous. Our education system lays too much stress on nationalism. Students are not able to get a global outlook. In the recent days, when the world is moving towards the globalization, it’s imperative to match our education system with the other countries, and design it in such a manner that it gives students a feeling of being cosmopolitan, rather than jingoistic.

 4.     Lack of Vocational or Job-Oriented Education

While reading the newspaper, I came across news – two lakh applications were received against 200 vacancies for IV grade position (for which the education requirement was Class 10). You will be shocked to know that most of the applicants were MBA, M.A, Engineers, M.Com, etc. Now, we can imagine how unfortunate situation our graduates and post-graduates are facing? Well, the fault is not theirs. Our education system doesn’t include such courses and skills that are relevant to job-market. There is a pressing need of improvement in this area.

 5.     Unmanageable Classrooms

India holds second rank in the world, for its high population. There is a direct relation between the educational difficulties and the population growth. Every school can occupy a limited number of students. An increasing number of students make the school overcrowded. Research studies show that a child learns well in small groups. Today, large schools have up to 10 sections, and each section has about 50 students.  In such circumstances, how can we expect quality education?

 6.     Reservations

Indian government has decided to raise the reservation seats by 27% at all level of technical education. But in my opinion, instead of caste basis, reservations should be offered on a financial basis so that poor students can also explore their talents and realize their dreams. Do you agree?

 7.     Inefficient and Untrained Teachers

Teachers plant seeds of knowledge among students that grow forever.

If we talk about present day teachers, we will find that the situation is very dishonourable. The teachers themselves need a teacher to get training on how to teach. In India, the minimum qualification to become a teacher is B.Ed. In order to escape from paying high salary, several schools in rural areas or private schools, recruits those individuals as teachers, who neither possess a degree of B.Ed. nor the expertise in subjects.

 8.     Inadequate and Improper Distribution of Funds

The funds allocated to the education sector are inadequate to meet the goal. Moreover, the available funds are not being used properly. According to a study, thirty percent of the total allocated education funds are shared out to higher education, leaving primary education in dodge. Lack of funds also hampers the availability of learning materials and books.

 9.     Demand for Teachers Exceeds the Supply

The shortage of the teachers is another major problem. The teacher-student ratio is not balanced. A single teacher educates 50 students. In this case, each and every student doesn’t get equal attention. In rural areas, the situation is worst. Most of the teachers refuse to teach in these areas. Secondly, the salary in rural areas is also meagre. The state approves high student-teacher ratio. That’s why several schools do not hire more teachers.

 10.    High Fees

Most of the talented students drop their idea of becoming a doctor or engineer, just because of higher fees associated with these courses. Besides tuition fees, several other fees (like, application form fee, entrance exam fee, etc.) are also charged from students. In this case, a poor brilliant student can’t even dream of acquiring higher education.

It can be concluded that a lot of improvements are needed, after seeing all these challenges. Our education system has to achieve the planned goals.